Hatay is located in Mediterranean Region. The city has a 1.700.000 population. The city’s history starts between 100.000-40.000 BC. In history, Hatay was hosted in an orderly ruled by Accadians, Yamhadians, Hittites, Egyptians, Urartus, Assyrians, Persians, Romans, Umayyads, Abbasids, Tulunids, Seljuks, and Ottomans. Hatay is famous for its history, agriculture, and cuisine.
Here is a list of modern and historical destinations of Hatay;
Where to see?
- Titus Tüneli(Tunnel) ve Beşikli Mağara(Cave): It’s located in Samandağ county. The tunnel was built in the 1st century AD. by the order of Roman Emperor Vespasian. The building had started in 69 AD. and ended in 81 AD. during the Titus(Successor of Vespasian) era. The tunnel was carved in the mountain. It has 380 meters in length, 7 meters in height, and 6 meters in width.
- Hıdırbey Musa Ağacı(Tree): Tree is located in Hıdırbey town. It’s the tree in the legend of Moses. That was the place where Moses put his scepter in the ground and drank water. The tree is thought to be 3000 years old.
- Habibi Neccar Camii(Mosque): The mosque was built when the Muslim Arabs were captured by Antakiya in 638. There are several legends about the mosque.
- Saint Pierre Church: It’s located near the Habibi Neccar Mountain. The natural cave changed into a church. The exact built date is unknown but the cave is known as the place where Saint Petrus preached for the first time. The church is known as the first church of Christianity. Later, the church became a center for Catholic World after the acceptance of St. Petrus as the first pope.
- Hatay Archeology Museum: The museum was built in 1939 to collect the findings from the numerous excavations in Antakiya. It was opened to visitors in 1948. The museum has 8 exhibition halls and a garden. There are 35.433 findings exhibited in the museum. The findings are from the Prehistoric, Paleolithic, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantian, and Middle ages. Also, the cultures of Amuk, Necropolis, and religions are exhibited.
- Antakya Kalesi(Castle): The castle was built by one of the commanders of the Great Alexandre, Seleucus Nicator I. It’s located 3 km far from the city center. The castle was used in an orderly by the Seleucids, Romans, Byzantines, Crusaders, Seljuks, and Ottomans. 12 km long walls of the castle had 360 towers.
The other important destinations of Hatay are Payas Kalesi(Castle), Katolik Kilisesi(Catholic Church), Ortodoks Kilisesi(Orthodox Church) and Hatay Museum.
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